Cambridge University EPIC-Norfolk
  EPIC-Norfolk: Publications
(with selected papers relating to the international EPIC study)


For all papers, the button provides a direct link to the relevant journal, where available. The journal website will generally show the abstract.

The button links to a full text version of a paper, if one is available. All of the full text links will work if you have a IP address, but some may not work from other institutions. Some of the full text versions are in Adobe Acrobat format.

For books, the button links to the entry.

Clicking on the button takes you to our page giving futher details of selected papers.


RPG Hayhoe, MAH Lentjes, AA Mulligan, RN Luben, K Khaw, AA Welch. (2017) Carotenoid dietary intakes and plasma concentrations are associated with heel bone ultrasound attenuation and osteoporotic fracture risk in the {Europe}an Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)-Norfolk cohort. Br J Nutr 117 (10):1439-1453.

W Lin, Ru Wang. (2016) Calcium status may modify the association of magnesium and potassium intake with heel bone ultrasound attenuation and osteoporotic fracture risk in the {Europe}an Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition-Norfolk cohort study. Am J Clin Nutr 103 (1):290.

H Finck, AR Hart, MAH Lentjes, Amy Jennings, RN Luben, K Khaw, AA Welch. (2015) Cross-sectional and prospective associations between dietary and plasma vitamin C, heel bone ultrasound, and fracture risk in men and women in the {Europe}an Prospective Investigation into Cancer in Norfolk cohort. Am J Clin Nutr 102 (6):1416-1424.

R Hayhoe, M Lentjes, RN Luben, K Khaw, AA Welch. (2015) Dietary magnesium and potassium intakes and circulating magnesium are associated with heel bone ultrasound attenuation and osteoporotic fracture risk in the EPIC-Norfolk cohort study. Am J Clin Nutr 102 (2):376-384.

A Moayyeri, Y Hsu, D Karasik, K Estrada, S Xiao, C Nielson, P Srikanth, S Giroux, SG Wilson, H Zheng, AV Smith, SR Pye, PJ Leo, A Teumer, J Hwang, C Ohlsson, F McGuigan, RL Minster, C Hayward, JM Olmos, L Lyytikainen, JR Lewis, KMA Swart, L Masi, C Oldmeadow, EG Holliday, S Cheng, NM van Schoor, NC Harvey, M Kruk, F del Greco, W Igl, O Trummer, Efi Grigoriou, R Luben, C Liu, Y Zhou, L Oei, C Medina-Gomez, J Zmuda, G Tranah, SJ Brown, FM Williams, N Soranzo, J Jakobsdottir, K Siggeirsdottir, KL Holliday, A Hannemann, M Go, M Garcia, O Polasek, M Laaksonen, Kun Zhu, AW Enneman, M McEvoy, R Peel, P Sham, M Jaworski, A Johansson, AA Hicks, P Pludowski, R Scott, RAM Dhonukshe-Rutten, N van der Velde, M Kahonen, JS Viikari, H Sievanen, OT Raitakari, J Gonzalez-Macias, JL Hernandez, Dan Mellstrom, O Ljunggren, Y Cho, Uwe Volker, M Nauck, G Homuth, H Volzke, R Haring, MA Brown, E McCloskey, GC Nicholson, R Eastell, JA Eisman, G Jones, Ian Reid, EM Dennison, J Wark, S Boonen, D Vanderschueren, FCW Wu, T Aspelund, BJ Richards, D Bauer, A Hofman, K Khaw, G Dedoussis, B Obermayer-Pietsch, Ulf Gyllensten, PP Pramstaller, RS Lorenc, C Cooper, A Kung, P Lips, M Alen, J Attia, M Brandi, LCPGM de Groot, T Lehtimaki, JA Riancho, H Campbell, Y Liu, TB Harris, K Akesson, M Karlsson, J Lee, H Wallaschofski, EL Duncan, TW ONeill, V Gudnason, TD Spector, F Rousseau, E Orwoll, SR Cummings, NJ Wareham, F Rivadeneira, AG Uitterlinden, RL Prince, DP Kiel, J Reeve, SK Kaptoge. (2014) Genetic determinants of heel bone properties: genome-wide association meta-analysis and replication in the GEFOS/GENOMOS consortium. Hum Mol Genet 23 (11):3054-3068.

P Myint, AB Clark, C Kwok, Y Loke, J Yeong, RN Luben, NJ Wareham, K Khaw. (2014) Bone Mineral Density and Incidence of Stroke: {Europe}an Prospective Investigation Into Cancer-Norfolk Population-Based Study, Systematic Review, and Meta-Analysis. Stroke ():.

R Pfister, G Michels, SJ Sharp, R Luben, NJ Wareham, K Khaw. (2014) Low bone mineral density predicts incident heart failure in men and women: the EPIC ({Europe}an Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition)-Norfolk prospective study. JACC Heart Fail 2 (4):380-389.

SR Pye, T Marshall, K Gaffney, R Luben, K Khaw, AJ Silman, DPM Symmons, TW ONeill. (2012) Influence of inflammatory polyarthritis on quantitative heel ultrasound measurements. BMC Musculoskelet Disord 13 ():133.

A Moayyeri, RN Luben, NJ Wareham, KT Khaw. (2012) Body fat mass is a predictor of risk of osteoporotic fractures in women but not in men: a prospective population study. J Intern Med 271 (5):472-480.

GGC Kuhnle, HA Ward, A Vogiatzoglou, RN Luben, A Mulligan, NJ Wareham, NG Forouhi, K Khaw. (2011) Association between dietary phyto-oestrogens and bone density in men and postmenopausal women. Br J Nutr ():1-7.

A Moayyeri, H Besson, RN Luben, NJ Wareham, K Khaw. (2010) The association between physical activity in different domains of life and risk of osteoporotic fractures. Bone 47 (3):693-700.

A Moayyeri, SA Bingham, RN Luben, NJ Wareham, K Khaw. (2009) Respiratory function as a marker of bone health and fracture risk in an older population. J Bone Miner Res 24 (5):956-963.

A Moayyeri, S Kaptoge, N Dalzell, S Bingham, RN Luben, NJ Wareham, J Reeve, K Khaw. (2009) Is QUS or DXA Better for Predicting The 10-year Absolute Risk of Fracture? J Bone Miner Res ():.

A Moayyeri, S Kaptoge, N Dalzell, RN Luben, NJ Wareham, S Bingham, J Reeve, K Khaw. (2009) The effect of including quantitative heel ultrasound in models for estimation of 10-year absolute risk of fracture. Bone ():.

A Moayyeri, RN Luben, SA Bingham, AA Welch, NJ Wareham, K Khaw. (2008) Measured height loss predicts fractures in middle-aged and older men and women: the EPIC-Norfolk prospective population study. J Bone Miner Res 23 (3):425-432.

AA Welch, SA Bingham, J Reeve, KT Khaw. (2007) More acidic dietary acid-base load is associated with reduced calcaneal broadband ultrasound attenuation in women but not in men: results from the EPIC-Norfolk cohort study. Am J Clin Nutr 85 (4):1134-1141.

C Weikert, D Walter, K Hoffmann, A Kroke, MM Bergmann, H Boeing. (2005) The relation between dietary protein, calcium and bone health in women: results from the EPIC-Potsdam cohort. Ann Nutr Metab 49 (5):312-318.

A Welch, S Bingham, J Camus, N Dalzell, J Reeve, N Day, KT Khaw. (2005) Calcaneum broadband ultrasound attenuation relates to vegetarian and omnivorous diets differently in men and women: an observation from the {Europe}an Prospective Investigation into Cancer in Norfolk (EPIC-Norfolk) population study. Osteoporos Int 16 (6):590-596.

A Testori, G Lazzaro, F Baldini, G Tosti, M Mosconi, E Lovati, C Bossi, S Sanvito, I Stanganelli, G Mazzarol, G De Salvo, G Trifiro, R Biffi, M Bellomi. (2005) The role of ultrasound of sentinel nodes in the pre- and post-operative evaluation of stage I melanoma patients. Melanoma Res 15 (3):191-198.

A Welch, J Camus, N Dalzell, S Oakes, J Reeve, KT Khaw. (2004) Broadband ultrasound attenuation (BUA) of the heel bone and its correlates in men and women in the EPIC-Norfolk cohort: a cross-sectional population-based study. Osteoporos Int 15 (3):217-225.

K Khaw, J Reeve, R Luben, S Bingham, A Welch, N Wareham, S Oakes, N Day. (2004) Prediction of total and hip fracture risk in men and women by quantitative ultrasound of the calcaneus: EPIC-Norfolk prospective population study. Lancet 363 (9404):197-202.

RW Jakes, K Khaw, NE Day, S Bingham, A Welch, S Oakes, R Luben, N Dalzell, J Reeve, NJ Wareham. (2001) Patterns of physical activity and ultrasound attenuation by heel bone among Norfolk cohort of {Europe}an Prospective Investigation of Cancer (EPIC Norfolk): population based study. BMJ 322 (7279):140.

JE Oesterling, Y Kumamoto, T Tsukamoto, CJ Girman, HA Guess, N Masumori, SJ Jacobsen, MM Lieber. (1995) Serum prostate-specific antigen in a community-based population of healthy {Japan}ese men: lower values than for similarly aged white men. Br J Urol 75 (3):347-353.