Cambridge University EPIC-Norfolk
  EPIC-Norfolk: Publications
(with selected papers relating to the international EPIC study)


For all papers, the button provides a direct link to the relevant journal, where available. The journal website will generally show the abstract.

The button links to a full text version of a paper, if one is available. All of the full text links will work if you have a IP address, but some may not work from other institutions. Some of the full text versions are in Adobe Acrobat format.

For books, the button links to the entry.

Clicking on the button takes you to our page giving futher details of selected papers.


R Tumino, G Frasca, D Palli, G Masala, G Tagliabue, A Evangelista, M Giurdanella, P Vineis, F Veglia, E Celentano, R Galasso, G Cascone. (2003) Cancer incidence in EPIC-ITALY at first follow-up. Tumori 89 (6):656-664.

L Burns, M Ashwell, J Berry, C Bolton-Smith, A Cassidy, M Dunnigan, K Khaw, H Macdonald, S New, Ann Prentice, J Powell, J Reeve, S Robins, B Teucher. (2003) UK Food Standards Agency Optimal Nutrition Status Workshop: environmental factors that affect bone health throughout life. Br J Nutr 89 (6):835-840.

MR Smith, A Kinmonth, RN Luben, S Bingham, NE Day, NJ Wareham, A Welch, K Khaw. (2003) Smoking status and differential white cell count in men and women in the EPIC-Norfolk population. Atherosclerosis 169 (2):331-337.

PG Surtees, NWJ Wainwright, K Khaw, NE Day. (2003) Functional health status, chronic medical conditions and disorders of mood. Br J Psychiatry 183 ():299-303.

NJ Wareham, RW Jakes, KL Rennie, J Schuit, Jo Mitchell, S Hennings, NE Day. (2003) Validity and repeatability of a simple index derived from the short physical activity questionnaire used in the {Europe}an Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study. Public Health Nutr 6 (4):407-413.

MA Watson, L Gay, WSL Stebbings, CTM Speakman, SA Bingham, A Loktionov. (2003) Apolipoprotein E gene polymorphism and colorectal cancer: gender-specific modulation of risk and prognosis. Clin Sci (Lond) 104 (5):537-545.

M Tormo, C Navarro, M Chirlaque, X Barber, S Argilaga, A Agudo, P Amiano, A Barricarte, JM Beguiristain, M Dorronsoro, C Gonzalez, C Martnez, J Quiros, M Rodrguez. (2003) Physical sports activity during leisure time and dietary intake of foods and nutrients in a large Spanish cohort. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 13 (1):47-64.

A Trichopoulou, V Benetou, P Lagiou, Ch Gnardellis, M Stacewicz-Sapunzakis, A Papas. (2003) Plasma carotenoid levels in relation to the Mediterranean diet in {Greece}. Int J Vitam Nutr Res 73 (3):221-225.

S Shohaimi, R Luben, N Wareham, N Day, S Bingham, A Welch, S Oakes, KT Khaw. (2003) Residential area deprivation predicts smoking habit independently of individual educational level and occupational social class. A cross sectional study in the Norfolk cohort of the {Europe}an Investigation into Cancer (EPIC-Norfolk). J Epidemiol Community Health 57 (4):270-276.

EA Spencer, PN Appleby, GK Davey, TJ Key. (2003) Diet and body mass index in 38000 EPIC-Oxford meat-eaters, fish-eaters, vegetarians and vegans. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 27 (6):728-734.

J Spranger, A Kroke, M Mohlig, K Hoffmann, MM Bergmann, M Ristow, H Boeing, AFH Pfeiffer. (2003) Inflammatory cytokines and the risk to develop type 2 diabetes: results of the prospective population-based {Europe}an Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)-Potsdam Study. Diabetes 52 (3):812-817.

P Surtees, N Wainwright, N Day, C Brayne, R Luben, K Khaw. (2003) Adverse experience in childhood as a developmental risk factor for altered immune status in adulthood. Int J Behav Med 10 (3):251-268.

P Surtees, N Wainwright, N Day, R Luben, C Brayne, K Khaw. (2003) Association of depression with peripheral leukocyte counts in EPIC-Norfolk--role of sex and cigarette smoking. J Psychosom Res 54 (4):303-306.

P Surtees, N Wainwright, R Luben, K Khaw, N Day. (2003) Sense of coherence and mortality in men and women in the EPIC-Norfolk {United Kingdom} prospective cohort study. Am J Epidemiol 158 (12):1202-1209.

EG Shaw, JH Wisoff. (2003) Prospective clinical trials of intracranial low-grade glioma in adults and children. Neuro Oncol 5 (3):153-160.

S Rohrmann, G Klein. (2003) Validation of a short questionnaire to qualitatively assess the intake of total fat, saturated, monounsaturated, polyunsaturated fatty acids, and cholesterol. J Hum Nutr Diet 16 (2):111-117.

S Salvini, C Saieva, A Ciardullo, S Panico, G Masala, M Assedi, F Berrino, V Pala, G Frasca, R Tumino, F Veglia, C Sacerdote, D Palli. (2003) Physical activity in the EPIC-{Italy} centers. Tumori 89 (6):646-655.

DK Roy, TW ONeill, JD Finn, M Lunt, AJ Silman, D Felsenberg, G Armbrecht, D Banzer, LI Benevolenskaya, A Bhalla, BJ Armas, JB Cannata, C Cooper, J Dequeker, MN Diaz, R Eastell, OB Yershova, B Felsch, W Gowin, S Havelka, K Hoszowski, AA Ismail, I Jajic, I Janott, O Johnell, JA Kanis, G Kragl, LA Vaz, R Lorenc, G Lyritis, P Masaryk, C Matthis, T Miazgowski, C Gennari, HAP Pols, G Poor, HH Raspe, DM Reid, W Reisinger, C Scheidt-Nave, JJ Stepan, CJ Todd, K Weber, AD Woolf, J Reeve, Prospective European. (2003) Determinants of incident vertebral fracture in men and women: results from the {Europe}an Prospective Osteoporosis Study (EPOS). Osteoporos Int 14 (1):19-26.

S Rohrmann, N Becker, A Kroke, H Boeing. (2003) Trends in cigarette smoking in the German centers of the {Europe}an Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC): the influence of the educational level. Prev Med 36 (4):448-454.

N Slimani, S Bingham, S Runswick, P Ferrari, NE Day, AA Welch, TJ Key, AB Miller, H Boeing, S Sieri, F Veglia, D Palli, S Panico, R Tumino, Bueno-De-Mesquita Bas, MC Ocke, F Clavel-Chapelon, A Trichopoulou, WA Van Staveren, E Riboli. (2003) Group level validation of protein intakes estimated by 24-hour diet recall and dietary questionnaires against 24-hour urinary nitrogen in the {Europe}an Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) calibration study. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 12 (8):784-795.

D Palli, F Berrino, P Vineis, R Tumino, S Panico, G Masala, C Saieva, S Salvini, M Ceroti, V Pala, S Sieri, G Frasca, M Giurdanella, C Sacerdote, L Fiorini, E Celentano, R Galasso, A Decarli, V Krogh, , C-Italy. (2003) A molecular epidemiology project on diet and cancer: the EPIC-{Italy} Prospective Study. Design and baseline characteristics of participants. Tumori 89 (6):586-593.

S Ohsumi, Goi Sakamoto, S Takashima, H Koyama, E Shin, K Suemasu, T Nishi, S Nakamura, Y Iino, T Iwase, T Ikeda, S Teramoto, T Fukutomi, K Komaki, M Sano, K Sugiyama, K Miyoshi, T Kamio, M Ogita. (2003) Long-term results of breast-conserving treatment for early-stage breast cancer in {Japan}ese women from multicenter investigation. Jpn J Clin Oncol 33 (2):61-67.

A Papas, M Stacewicz-Sapuntzakis, P Lagiou, C Bamia, Y Chloptsios, A Trichopoulou. (2003) Plasma retinol and tocopherol levels in relation to demographic, lifestyle and nutritional factors of plant origin in {Greece}. Br J Nutr 89 (1):83-87.

A Schatzkin, V Kipnis, RJ Carroll, D Midthune, Amy Subar, S Bingham, DA Schoeller, RP Troiano, LS Freedman. (2003) A comparison of a food frequency questionnaire with a 24-hour recall for use in an epidemiological cohort study: results from the biomarker-based Observing Protein and Energy Nutrition (OPEN) study. Int J Epidemiol 32 (6):1054-1062.

MB Schulze, K Hoffmann, A Kroke, H Boeing. (2003) Risk of hypertension among women in the EPIC-Potsdam Study: comparison of relative risk estimates for exploratory and hypothesis-oriented dietary patterns. Am J Epidemiol 158 (4):365-373.

MB Schulze, K Hoffmann, A Kroke, H Boeing. (2003) An approach to construct simplified measures of dietary patterns from exploratory factor analysis. Br J Nutr 89 (3):409-419.

J Reeve, M Lunt, D Felsenberg, AJ Silman, C Scheidt-Nave, G Poor, C Gennari, K Weber, R Lorenc, P Masaryk, JB Cannata, J Dequeker, DM Reid, HAP Pols, LI Benevolenskaya, JJ Stepan, T Miazgowski, A Bhalla, BJ Armas, R Eastell, A Lopes-Vaz, G Lyritis, I Jajic, AD Woolf, D Banzer, W Reisinger, CJ Todd, B Felsch, S Havelka, K Hoszowski, J Janott, O Johnell, HH Raspe, OB Yershova, JA Kanis, G Armbrecht, JD Finn, W Gowin, TW ONeill, Prospective European. (2003) Determinants of the size of incident vertebral deformities in {Europe}an men and women in the sixth to ninth decades of age: the {Europe}an Prospective Osteoporosis Study (EPOS). J Bone Miner Res 18 (9):1664-1673.

G Nagel, A Nieters, N Becker, J Linseisen. (2003) The influence of the dietary intake of fatty acids and antioxidants on hay fever in adults. Allergy 58 (12):1277-1284.

G Matullo, M Peluso, S Polidoro, S Guarrera, A Munnia, V Krogh, G Masala, F Berrino, S Panico, R Tumino, P Vineis, D Palli. (2003) Combination of {DNA} repair gene single nucleotide polymorphisms and increased levels of {DNA} adducts in a population-based study. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 12 (7):674-677.

Ali Montazeri, DJ Hole, R Milroy, J McEwen, CR Gillis. (2003) Quality of life in lung cancer patients: does socioeconomic status matter? Health Qual Life Outcomes 1 ():19.

M Lunt, TW ONeill, D Felsenberg, J Reeve, JA Kanis, C Cooper, AJ Silman, Prospective European. (2003) Characteristics of a prevalent vertebral deformity predict subsequent vertebral fracture: results from the {Europe}an Prospective Osteoporosis Study (EPOS). Bone 33 (4):505-513.

J Linseisen, MB Schulze, M Saadatian-Elahi, A Kroke, AB Miller, H Boeing. (2003) Quantity and quality of dietary fat, carbohydrate, and fiber intake in the German EPIC cohorts. Ann Nutr Metab 47 (1):37-46.

P Lagiou, V Benetou, N Tebelis, A Papas, A Naska, A Trichopoulou. (2003) Plasma carotenoid levels in relation to tobacco smoking and demographic factors. Int J Vitam Nutr Res 73 (3):226-231.

RW Jakes, NE Day, KT Khaw, R Luben, S Oakes, A Welch, S Bingham, NJ Wareham. (2003) Television viewing and low participation in vigorous recreation are independently associated with obesity and markers of cardiovascular disease risk: EPIC-Norfolk population-based study. Eur J Clin Nutr 57 (9):1089-1096.

S Kaptoge, N Dalzell, RW Jakes, N Wareham, NE Day, KT Khaw, TJ Beck, N Loveridge, J Reeve. (2003) Hip section modulus, a measure of bending resistance, is more strongly related to reported physical activity than BMD. Osteoporos Int 14 (11):941-949.

S Kaptoge, N Dalzell, N Loveridge, TJ Beck, K Khaw, J Reeve. (2003) Effects of gender, anthropometric variables, and aging on the evolution of hip strength in men and women aged over 65. Bone 32 (5):561-570.

TJ Key, PN Appleby, GK Davey, NE Allen, EA Spencer, RC Travis. (2003) Mortality in British vegetarians: review and preliminary results from EPIC-Oxford. Am J Clin Nutr 78 (3 Suppl):533S-538S.

S Kaptoge, A Welch, A McTaggart, A Mulligan, N Dalzell, NE Day, S Bingham, KT Khaw, J Reeve. (2003) Effects of dietary nutrients and food groups on bone loss from the proximal femur in men and women in the 7th and 8th decades of age. Osteoporos Int 14 (5):418-428.

CA Gonzalez, G Pera, A Agudo, D Palli, V Krogh, P Vineis, R Tumino, S Panico, G Berglund, H Siman, O Nyren, Asa Agren, C Martinez, M Dorronsoro, A Barricarte, MJ Tormo, JR Quiros, N Allen, S Bingham, N Day, A Miller, G Nagel, H Boeing, Kim Overvad, A Tjonneland, Bueno-De-Mesquita Bas, HC Boshuizen, P Peeters, M Numans, F Clavel-Chapelon, I Helen, E Agapitos, E Lund, M Fahey, R Saracci, R Kaaks, E Riboli. (2003) Smoking and the risk of gastric cancer in the {Europe}an Prospective Investigation Into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC). Int J Cancer 107 (4):629-634.

AM Dunning, PD Ellis, S McBride, HL Kirschenlohr, CS Healey, PR Kemp, RN Luben, J Chang-Claude, A Mannermaa, V Kataja, PDP Pharoah, DF Easton, BAJ Ponder, JC Metcalfe. (2003) A transforming growth factorbeta1~{s}ignal peptide variant increases secretion in vitro and is associated with increased incidence of invasive breast cancer. Cancer Res 63 (10):2610-2615.

S Ishikura, K Nihei, A Ohtsu, N Boku, S Hironaka, K Mera, M Muto, T Ogino, S Yoshida. (2003) Long-term toxicity after definitive chemoradiotherapy for squamous cell carcinoma of the thoracic esophagus. J Clin Oncol 21 (14):2697-2702.

GK Davey, EA Spencer, PN Appleby, NE Allen, KH Knox, TJ Key. (2003) EPIC-Oxford: lifestyle characteristics and nutrient intakes in a cohort of 33 883~{m}eat-eaters and 31 546 non meat-eaters in the UK. Public Health Nutr 6 (3):259-269.

E Fusconi, V Pala, E Riboli, P Vineis, C Sacerdote, M Del Pezzo, M Magistris, D Palli, G Masala, S Sieri, C Foggetti, M Giurdanella, R Tumino, V Krogh. (2003) Relationship between plasma fatty acid composition and diet over previous years in the Italian centers of the {Europe}an Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC). Tumori 89 (6):624-635.

T Costacou, C Bamia, P Ferrari, E Riboli, D Trichopoulos, A Trichopoulou. (2003) Tracing the Mediterranean diet through principal components and cluster analyses in the Greek population. Eur J Clin Nutr 57 (11):1378-1385.

SA Bingham, R Luben, A Welch, N Wareham, K Khaw, N Day. (2003) Are imprecise methods obscuring a relation between fat and breast cancer? Lancet 362 (9379):212-214.

SA Bingham, NE Day, R Luben, P Ferrari, N Slimani, T Norat, F Clavel-Chapelon, E Kesse, A Nieters, H Boeing, A Tjonneland, Kim Overvad, C Martinez, M Dorronsoro, CA Gonzalez, TJ Key, A Trichopoulou, A Naska, P Vineis, R Tumino, V Krogh, Bueno-de-Mesquita Bas, PHM Peeters, G Berglund, G Hallmans, E Lund, G Skeie, R Kaaks, E Riboli, Prospective European, Nutrition. (2003) Dietary fibre in food and protection against colorectal cancer in the {Europe}an Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC): an observational study. Lancet 361 (9368):1496-1501.

F Vannoni, T Spadea, G Frasca, R Tumino, M Demaria, C Sacerdote, S Panico, E Celentano, D Palli, C Saieva, V Pala, S Sieri, G Costa. (2003) Association between social class and food consumption in the Italian EPIC population. Tumori 89 (6):669-678.